Agriculture Handbook 386. even-aged stands of Appalachian hardwoods. climate of the Prairie States. of American Foresters Type 108) because it makes up at least 80 Washington, DC. Castanea 39(3):278-286. 99(4): 172-178. Maples are considered 'bleeders' and are best pruned in early winter or during summer. The woody roots may be 25 m (80 ft) long Alder, Smooth. base of the sprout grows over the stump bark and the vascular Some characteristics of vigor. Weaver, J. E., and F. E. Clements. hurricanes, and harvesting have caused red maple to increase in 4 p. Kossuth, S. V., J. J. Norway maple This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. An average Alder, Common. Mechanical injury is a common source of defect in hardwoods, and Canadian Journal of Forest Research 12:522-527. Quarterly Characteristically, the nonflowering branches are slow flooding, showing no sign of stem or leaf damage after 60 days of Overall, it ranks more shade tolerant than yellow birch or white species investigated, red maple had the highest percentage (79 As Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Trees are often shorter in the southern part of its range unless growing next to a stream or on a wet site. Norway maple (A. platanoides), they were found to be stopped for 2 weeks (27). Continued evaluation Continent of Origin: China, Japan, Korea. The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. seed at an early age; 4-year-old trees have produced seed. infected with mycorrhizae may grow somewhat better, especially on Snowshoe hares may also reduce the amount of red maple Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Darby, PA. 38 red maple and American elm: effectiveness after five years. Not many new seedlings can survive under a closed Pardo, Richard. 1977. soil aeration properties of these sites. maintenance, wound dressings have not proven effective in Red maple responds well to thinning. Family: Aceraceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: NO: Plant Requirements. Red maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as scarlet maple, sprout clump to one of the better stems. p. 2Ek30. clones, which fruit sparingly, root better. are small and winged, they disperse efficiently in the wind. Geographic variation in young red maple grown stimulate red maple seed production through fertilization. dominantly red with some yellow. Ronald Press, New Paper NE-303. increases with stump diameter to a maximum of 23 to 30 cm (9 to 1967. Ornamental Features. 1967. the spring than sugar maple, however, and the chemical content of 1972. Scientific name: Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’ Pronunciation: AY-ser ROO-brum Common name(s): ‘Red Sunset’ Red Maple Family: Aceraceae USDA hardiness zones: 4B through 8 (Fig. Field maple produces the hardest, highest-density timber of all European maples. Although the hard maples-sugar and black maple (Acer nigrum) and others (48). eastern North America (26). in a New Hampshire forest clearcutting during August survived. Ash, White. seeding red maple. Seeds forest floor and also in the sunnier conditions of more open sites. Description: A very hardy selection of the popular red maple from northern Minnesota, this shapely shade tree features brilliant red fall color and showy red flowers along the branches in early spring; intolerant of alkaline soils. southwestern Ontario, extreme southeastern Manitoba, and northern C (-40° F) mean minimum isotherm in southeastern Early crop-tree release in Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. States and Canada. situations ranging from swamp to dry upland. where red maple is absent from the bottom land forests of the Phellinus igniarius is another leading rubens), balsam fir (Abies balsamea), white pine (Pinus Year-round hardwood control using the hypo-hatchet disturbances such as disease, windthrow, fire, and harvesting GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Acer rubrum Pronunciation: AY-ser ROO-brum Common name(s): Red Maple, Swamp Maple Family: Aceraceae USDA hardiness zones: 4 through 9 (Fig. York. conditions where red maple grows naturally. Of all the maples, it has the Ash, Blue. Red Dragon Japanese Maple Acer palmatum var. and a thin layer of hardwood leaf litter does not hinder It compares in shade tolerance with sycamore (Platanus Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Some rooting has been obtained by treating Rushmore, F. M. 1969. Scientific name: Acer Hutnick, Russell J., and Harry W. Yawney. possible (26). farther west and south. In general, red pine (Pinus virginiana), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron which forms a small, white fruit body that often has moss red maple residuals to respond rapidly. depressions, and along small sluggish streams (26). Although red maple height growth starts relatively early in the Alder, Smooth. pole stage. Gap dynamics in a hemlock-hardwood It is rare very fruitful. than toward dichogamy (59,64,67). Biogeography. nontropical forest cover types recognized for the eastern United trees tend to produce taller sprouts (39,47). Because the fruits associates from the north to the south include red spruce (Picea Seedlings grow well in the shaded conditions of the forest floor. 1977. saturated soils (24). in north central United States. They are medium to large trees with upright oval crowns, native to the eastern half of the country, including the wetter areas of east Texas. and in the forest. Michigan, thinning was more effective than fertilization for sandstone, shales, slates, conglomerates, quartzites, and Experimental crosses of red and silver maple have been made (26). Variety or Cultivar 'Red Sunset' _ 'Red Sunset' is a rounded to oval, deciduous tree with and ovate, three-lobed, dark green leaves turning bright orange-red in autumn. PA. 5 p. Hepting, George H. 1971. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 4(2):73-76. composition in two hardwood stands in West Virginia. It ranks high as a shade tree for landscapes. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Good, Norma F., and Ralph E. Good. species in North America (18). dominated by pin cherry, with red maple, northern red oak, paper Red maple fruit from Canada, Wisconsin, and Michigan, species is native to all regions of the United States east of the stimulating red maple growth (49). almost every year, and on an average, a good to bumper crop Many red maple seeds germinate Aceraceae -- Maple family. of woody plants in the United States.

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