[29]. [20] When the south Indian Emperor Govinda III of the Rashtrakuta dynasty annexed Malwa, he set up the family of one of his subordinates there, who took the name of Paramara.[21]. Swarms of locusts that had entered Madhya Pradesh from Rajasthan about a week ago have now begun moving towards Uttar Pradesh. After the independence of India, Madhya Pradesh was created in 1950 from the former British Central Provinces and Berar and the princely states of Makrai and Chhattisgarh, with Nagpur as the capital of the state. [52] A 4,948-kilometre-long (3,075 mi) rail network criss-crosses the state, with Jabalpur serving as headquarters for the West Central Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty also held sway in northern and western Madhya Pradesh at this time. The local styles of folk singing include Faga, Bhartahari, Sanja geet, Bhopa, Kalbelia, Bhat/Bhand/Charan, Vasdeva, Videsia, Kalgi Turra, Nirgunia, Alha, Pandwani Gayan and Garba Garbi Govalan. Then after, in the year 1982 both these boards were amalgamated and named as Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (M.P.P.E.B.). All the rivers, which drain into the Ganges, flow from south to north, with the Chambal, Shipra, Kali Sindh, Parbati, Kuno, Sind, Betwa, Dhasan and Ken rivers being the main tributaries of the Yamuna. Malwa region - Soybean, Wheat, Garlic. The National Chambal Sanctuary is managed for conservation of gharial and mugger, river dolphin, smooth-coated otter and a number of turtle species. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. Son, which arises in the Maikal hills around Amarkantak, is the largest tributary that goes into the Ganges on the south bank and that does not arise from the Himalayas. In 2018-19, the total area sown area of wheat is 125216 hectares. Madhya Pradesh has a subtropical climate with a hot dry summer (April–June), followed by monsoon rains (July–September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. MP United FC is an Indian football that played in the 2nd Division I-League. Most of the sea trade happens through the Kandla and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Nhava Sheva) in the neighbouring states, which are well-connected to MP by road and rail networks. There were 46 recognised Scheduled Tribes and three of them have been identified as "Special Primitive Tribal Groups" in the State. The small Gond kingdoms emerged in the Gondwana and Mahakoshal regions of the state. In the November 2018 state elections, the INC became the single largest party with 114 seats, defeating BJP which won 109 seats. In January 2019 1.5 million volunteers in the state planted 66 million trees in 12 hours along the Narmada river.[27]. Northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Turkic Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. There are many important multi-state irrigation projects in development, including the Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was designated a separate state. The Godavari basin consists of sub-tropical, semi-moist forests, mainly in the valley of the Indrawati. Several regional variants are spoken, which are considered by the government to be dialects of Hindi, and by linguists to be distinct but related languages. [52], The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. After the formation of Chhattisgarh State, the major portion of Mahanadi basin now lies in Chhattisgarh. Madhya Pradesh has a 230-seat state legislative assembly. 22 projects costing above $500 million have been sanctioned under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission for the development of Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Ujjain. Jabalpur was chosen to be the capital of the state but at the last moment, due to political interference, Bhopal was made the state capital. Cricket is the most popular sport in Madhya Pradesh. It flows westward through a rift valley, with the Vindhya ranges sprawling along its northern bank and the Satpura range of mountains along the southern. However, he chose Delhi as his capital after his formal Coronation and left Gwalior. As of 2013, the state has 52 jila (district) panchayats, 376 tehsil, 313 janpad panchayats/blocks, and 23043 gram (village) panchayats. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundaries between the north and south of India. Two of the medieval India's most noted singers, Tansen and Baiju Bawra, were born near Gwalior in present-day Madhya Pradesh. The Maratha empire dominated the majority of the 18th century. The state in fact has the highest concentration of Marathi people outside Maharashtra. [35], The population of Madhya Pradesh consists of a number of ethnic groups and tribes, castes and communities, including the indigenous tribals and relatively more recent migrants from other states. The birthplaces of noted playback singers Kishore Kumar (Khandwa) and Lata Mangeshkar (Indore) and singer and composer Aadesh Shrivastava (Jabalpur) are also located in MP. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi, Singrauli and Shahdol districts 30–50 percent population is of tribes. The following languages are taught in schools in Madhya Pradesh under the Three Language Formula:[44], According to the census of 2011, 90.89% of the MP residents followed Hinduism, while others are Muslim (6.57%), Jain (0.78%), Buddhists (0.29%), Christians (0.29%), and Sikhs (0.20%).[45]. 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