Israel won the war in 1948. Spencer C. Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts (eds.). "Necropolis of Bet She'arim: A Landmark of Jewish Renewal", Jewish and Christian Views on Bodily Pleasure: Their Origins and Relevance in the Twentieth-Century, "Moses Maimonides | Jewish philosopher, scholar, and physician", "Map of Jewish expulsions and resettlement areas in Europe. I called up the museum and complained about the what I called Israeli false propaganda there on the map, and the person who answered thanked me and said she would look into it. The Establishment of Israel (1920 - 1939) 1920 - Arab Nationalism in Palestine During and immediately after World War I Arab nationalism awakened. For this reason, it’s no wonder that many people and commentators around the world refer to it as the Jewish Nation or State. On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. Answer 1A certain tract of land which Israel partially controls was called the British Mandate of Palestine from 1922-1948. On May 14, 1948, just ahead of the official end to the British Mandate in Palestine at midnight, David Ben-Gurion declared the establishment of a Jewish state, to be called Israel. Before 1914 it was in the Othman Empire like the whole of Arab lands in the Middle-East. In an afternoon ceremony at the Tel Aviv Art Museum, Ben-Gurion pronounced the words We hereby proclaim the establishment of the Jewish state in Palestine, to be called Israel, prompting applause and tears from the crowd gathered at the museum. Nasser, the Arabs, and 'Sawt al-Arab' Radio", "Forgotten Gas Attacks in Yemen Haunt Syria Crisis", "30 years to the Black Panthers in Israel", "Israel in shock as Munich killers freed", "Kurt Waldheim, Former U.N. Chief, Is Dead at 88", "Israeli-Ugandan Relations in the Time of Idi Amin", "Terrorists: L'Affaire Daoud: Too Hot to Handle", "Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy", "Do Good Fences Make Good Neighbors? Christopher Stringer, custodian of Tabun I, Othmar Keel, Christoph Uehlinger, Gods, Goddesses, and Images of God in Ancient Israel, Fortress Press (1998); Mark S. Smith, The Origins of Biblical Monotheism: Israel’s Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts, Oxford University Press (2001). In answering this question, one has to talk about the names by which the two countries went prior to the present day predicament. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. For this reason, one would be right in concluding that Jacob is the father of Israel, the nation. They moved into the land of Israel when they were displaced by the war of 1948, which the Arab nations started, but Israel is not occupying territory these people now call home. Shapira Anita. Lee Hoffmann. Before 1948, the people now called Palestinians lived in Egypt. Which is the oldest nation between Israel and Palestine? 357 (February 2010), pp. Julius Caesar: The Life and Times of the People's Dictator By Luciano Canfora chapter 24 "Caesar Saved by the Jews". The British Mandate of Palestine and Transjordan (80% of Palestine was given to the Hashemite Arabs as a reward for their help in WW-I prior to its further partisan by the UN in 1948). Most importantly, the focus normally tends to be on Israel for various reasons. Tweet. Free e-mail watchdog. Since the renaming in 1948, Israel has suffered plenty of wars with its neighbors, especially the Arab states. Nevertheless, what was its name prior to 1948? You might also like Israel’s War of Independence. The Establishment of Israel (1920 - 1939) 1920 - Arab Nationalism in Palestine During and immediately after World War I Arab nationalism awakened. Part of TransJordan, called Palestine (Falasteena in local lingo). ), The Ghetto of Venice by Riccardo Calimani, pg 94, Mondadori 1995, Joel Rappel, History of Eretz Israel from Prehistory up to 1882 (1980), vol. A few examples of the armies and nations that have attacked Israel include Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Islamists, Arabs, and Mamelukes among others. The Ottoman Empire (Turkey) had occupied Israel, then called Palestine, for over 400 years. Part of TransJordan, called Palestine (Falasteena in local lingo). "The United Monarchy in the Countryside". Kaufman, Asher (Autumn 2002). Under British Mandate (1920–1948), the whole region was known as Palestine (Hebrew: פלשתינה [א״י] ‎, lit. When did the War of 1948 end? Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria invaded Israel to help the Palestinians. Following the defeat of the Ottomans in WWI, the British gained control of the whole of Palestine, which included the areas that comprise the modern states of Jordan, Israel, and parts of Lebanon and Syria. By the time Jaffa finally fell on 13 May 1948, fewer than 4,000 of its 70,000 residents remained. The Arab League members Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq refused to accept the UN partition plan and proclaimed the right of self-determination for the Arabs across the whole of Palestine. That situation would continue until World War 1. Not exactly. Part I paragraph 2 UN resolution 181(II), Green Line: the name given to the 1949 Armistice lines that constituted the de facto borders of pre-1967 Israel —, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMorris2004 (, The melting pot in Israel: the commission of inquiry concerning education in the early years of the state by Tzvi Tzameret, Albany 2002 chapter 7, "Israel's Military Aid to Africa, 1960–66", Abel Jacob in. Ann E. Killebrew, Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, and Early Israel, 1300–1100 B.C.E, Society of Biblical Lit, 2005 p.230. is completely pointless because a) No pro Israel person denies the land was called that (so, in other words, they are not being "clever" for pointing that out) b) It wasn't an independent state then and c) It isn't an independent state now.) As shown above, its name was Palestine. The entire region was called Israel up until the year 70 CE. Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, page 335, Oxford 2000, see also "The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance between Hebrews and Africans in 701 BC" by Henry Aubin, Random House 2002, The Social Roots of Biblical Yahwism by Stephen Cook, SBL 2004 pp 58. What country controlled the land before that? My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help. )—An Archaeological Assessment by Gideon Avni in Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research No. What was “Israel” called before 1948? The Ottoman Empire ruled Israel for years between 1517 and 1917. The 1948 (or First) Arab–Israeli War was the second and final stage of the 1947–49 Palestine war.It formally began following the end of the British Mandate for Palestine at midnight on 14 May 1948; the Israeli Declaration of Independence had been issued earlier that day, and a military coalition of Arab states entered the territory of British Palestine in the morning of 15 May. the disaster. Over the years, its name has changed depending on numerous circumstances. The State of Israel was declared after the end of the civil war, which was raging for six months in Palestine after the vote by the United Nation to partition Palestine between Palestinian Jews and Arabs.. Disengagement from Gaza, History of ancient Israel and Judah as well as modern Israel, These audio files were created from a revision of this article dated 30 March 2008, Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic periods (586–37 BCE), Illegal Jewish immigration and insurgency, "The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70–1492", by Botticini and Eckstein, Chapter 1, especially page 17, Princeton 2012. Lv 7. Mehmet Tezcan, Astiye Bayindir, 'Aristocratic Women and their Relationship to Nestorianism in the 13th century Chingizid Empire,' in Li Tang, Dietmar W. Winkler (eds. As the Hebrew Bible tells us, its origins are traceable to Abraham, who is referred to as the ‘father of many nations.’ However, the name Israel would not emerge until Jacob, who was Abraham’s grandson, entered the scene. (Hint: Trick Question)", "Whose Voice? What was israel called before 1948? Who won the war in 1948 with Israel? Asked by Wiki User. They lived in Syria. The strategic importance of the area is immense: through it pass the main roads from Egypt to Syria and from the Mediterranean to the hills beyond the Jordan River. After their defeat their areas, outside Turkey were distributed amongst the Victors - France & UK. What happened on May 15, 1948? The Arab states marched their forces into what had, until the previous day, been the British Mandate for Palestine, starting the first Arab–Israeli War Since the renaming in 1948, Israel has suffered plenty of wars with its neighbors, especially the Arab states. Answer #1 | 22/04 2016 06:06 THE LAND OF ISRAEL Positive: 81.25 %. Donate. (I might note that the anti Israel crank talking point of "It was called Palestine before 1948!!!" Conversely, at its death it led to the creation of the state of Israel, which would be known as Palestine for several years. The 1948 war uprooted 700,000 Palestinians from their homes, creating a refugee crisis that is still not resolved. By David Martin Gitlitz, University of New Mexico 2002, pp 75 - 81, The Jews of Spain by Jane Gerber, Free Press 1994 pp 142 - 144. Such questions often come up when talking about the conflict that has gripped the area for generations. The History of Israel - A Chronological Presentation. Apart from that, some of the wars that have taken place following its renaming to Israel are: Israel/Palestine under the Ottoman Empire. Then it became the Kingdoms of Israel and Judea. Jaffa, Israel: Jewish refugees from Europe are resettled in ethnically-cleansed Jaffa, 1949. It was originally called Canaan. In this article, the focus was on the name it was known by before 1948 following The Balfour Declaration. The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, defined as a geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River (where Israel and Palestine are today), and various adjoining lands. Q “If Israel formed in 1948, then what Israel is the Bible referring to?” Detail: I'm honestly not too keen on the whole Israel/Palestine/Gaza issue so I'm trying to break it down in a way that I understand. Israel Before the State. Ben-Gurion became Israels first premier. Favorite Answer . Instead, the general feeling of The Balfour Declaration was that it remains Palestine. Before 1948 the area was under UN Mandate, formerly under British Mandate. Lee Hoffmann. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. During the early 20th century, a period when the ossifying Ottoman Empire was still dominant, Jewish immigration and land purchases were increasingly changing a seemingly forgotten place. 8 Answers. Before 1917, it was a colony of the Ottoman Empire. When did the War of 1948 end? Palestine, area of the eastern Mediterranean, comprising parts of modern Israel along with the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. He was born Jacob. What was the land we now know as Israel called before 1948?!? Before 1917, it was a colony of the Ottoman Empire. As history books show from the biblical days, it has gone through a full cycle of names. (via Walid Khalidi, Before Their Diaspora) Jaffa Harbor, Palestine: Palestinian refugees flee Jaffa by boat for Gaza, Apr-May 1948. Before Israel became a nation, ... 1948, Israel was officially declared a state, marking the first Jewish state in over 2,000 years. The name "Israel" comes from the bible, and it was called that, among other names, when the Jews lived there before and during Roman times. France got Syria & Lebanon. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. For example, it fell into the hands of the Assyrians who not only invaded but destroyed its northern part in 722B.C. Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Isaac, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Ishmael, A poll tax was imposed on all non-Muslims, History of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire, History of the Jews in the Land of Israel, Demographic history of Palestine (region), entire population, including Muslims, of both Jaffa and Tel Aviv was subject to an expulsion order in April 1917, Italian bombing of Mandatory Palestine in World War II, United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, United Nations Special Committee on Palestine, purchase important arms in Eastern Europe, United Nations Security Council Resolution 50, Egyptian troops had tested chemical weapons, Egyptian intervention in support of rebels, United Nations Security Council Resolution 425, Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities, assassinated Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, List of Israeli civilian casualties in the Second Intifada, claimed the Holocaust was a Jewish conspiracy, direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, largest social protest in the history of Israel, military conscription for ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel, transferred the bodies of 91 Palestinian suicide bombers and other militants, United States recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, United States recognition of the Golan Heights as part of Israel, History of the Jews and Judaism in the Land of Israel, List of Jewish leaders in the Land of Israel, Postage stamps and postal history of Israel, "Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel", Israel – A Social Report 2020: The Public Interest Needs to Return to Center Stage, "The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant", "Timeline in the Understanding of Neanderthals", "From 'small, dark and alive' to 'cripplingly shy': Dorothy Garrod as the first woman Professor at Cambridge", "Excavations and Surveys (University of Haifa)", "Fossil teeth place humans in Asia '20,000 years early, "The Natufian Culture in the Levant, Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture", 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6505(1998)6:5<159::AID-EVAN4>3.0.CO;2-7, "First Recorded Battle | History Channel on Foxtel", "ALPHABET, THE HEBREW - JewishEncyclopedia.com", "Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II", "New Testament History – The Hasmonean kingdom", "Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVIII". Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria invaded Israel to help the Palestinians. Immediately following the declaration of the new state, both superpower leaders, US President Harry S. Truman and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, recognized the new state. Feisal Ibn-Hussein, a son of the emir of Mecca, and the Zionist leader, Chaim Weizmann, tried to work out a plan to realize the national aspirations of both Jews and Arabs. 75–91, THE FATIMID HOLY CITY: REBUILDING JERUSALEM IN THE ELEVENTH CENTURY by JENNIFER PRUITT in "The Medieval Globe" Volume 3 Number 2, 2017 pp 41 – 43, The Jews of Spain by Jane Gerber, Free Press 1994 pp 138 - 144 / Secrecy and Deceit: The Religion of the Crypto-Jews Israel is small country in the Middle East, about the size of New Jersey, located on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and bordered by Egypt, Jordan, 2015-02-17 18:14:36 2015-02-17 18:14:36. Lv 7. Chronicle of a territorial dispute". What was Israel called before 1948? Without a doubt, Israel has been called many nations throughout its history. "Diocaesarea" in The Catholic Encyclopedia. Fortunately, Israelites would remain safe under the rule of the British until the creation of their separate state in 1947. After their defeat their areas, outside Turkey were distributed amongst the Victors - France & UK. In Arabic it was officially called “Falastin”, and in Hebrew it was officially called “Palestina (E.Y)”. In terms of land size, Israel is one of the smallest countries in Middle East. By Jeremy Moses. A decade before, in the 1967 war, Israeli troops had in effect undone the partition accepted in 1948 by overrunning the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In a way, one could surmise that The Ottoman Empire at the height of its powers killed Israel. On May 14, 1948, a couple of days before the British rule over Palestine ended, the Jewish leadership in Palestine met in Tel Aviv. 2. 10 years ago. Consequently, it didn’t exist as a nation. Favorite Answer . The word ‘ever’ indicates - since the beginning of time. However, the creation of the Jewish state caused plenty of friction with the Arab countries around it. Between 1896 and 1948, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled from Europe to what was then British-controlled Palestine, including large numbers forced out of … : Israel and Lebanon after the Withdrawal", Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, Main Points of Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty 26 October 1994, Treaty of Peace between The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and The State of Israel, "Israel's Bold Initiative to Reduce U.S. Aid", "1990–1999 | הוועד הציבורי נגד עינויים בישראל", Security Council endorses Secretary-General's conclusion on Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon as of 16 June, Israeli Proposal to Palestinians and Syria, "Ashkelon Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant, Israel", "Is Gaza Occupied? 47 (ST/DPI/SER.A/47)", Dominique Lapierre et Larry Collins (1971), Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel: 14 May 1948: Retrieved 2 June 2012, "Countries Compared by Government > UN membership date. before anyone jumps into conclusions, i'm neutral, i do not support israel or palestine i was just wondering did israel exist before 1948 and i do not care about what the bible or other holy books say that it existed 2000 years ago or something...i want something solid that i can see and touch...did israel exist as an independent acountry in the year 1900 for example? The entire region was called Israel up until the year 70 CE. What are today Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza strip, and part of Jordan were called Palestine. (I might note that the anti Israel crank talking point of "It was called Palestine before 1948!!!" Philo of Alexandria, On the Embassy to Gaius XXX.203. Wiki User Answered . International Statistics at NationMaster.com", "Population, by Religion and Population Group", "Group seeks justice for 'forgotten' Jews", https://www.israelhayom.com/2019/12/16/lost-jewish-property-in-arab-countries-estimated-at-150-billion/, "Jewish refugees left roughly $150 billion worth of goods, property in Arab nations", "First United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF I) – Background", "When Did the U.S. and Israel Become Allies? What was Israel called before it became a nation? Ottoman Rule in Palestine begins; Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire through 1917. At the time, there was no suggestion that the country reverts to its original name of Israel. 2. To its west lies the magnificent Mediterranean Sea. Answer Save. For starters, it is the most developed nation of the two in terms of healthcare, economy, security, and quality of life. "In 1662 Sabbathai Sevi arrived to Jerusalem. February 1949. It was called British Mandate of Palestine or simply Palestine. Begin had preached undying loyalty to what he called Judea and Samaria (the West Bank lands) and promoted Jewish settlement there. In the decades since 1948, what Palestinians call the nakba (“catastrophe”) remains a matter of debate between the sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. 8 Answers. France got Syria & Lebanon. 5 6 7. After the year 70, the Romans renamed it Palestine after the Philistines. They were part of the Ottoman empire until near … 35-48, THE FATIMID HOLY CITY: REBUILDING JERUSALEM IN THE ELEVENTH CENTURY by JENNIFER PRUITT in "The Medieval Globe" Volume 3 Number 2, 2017, "The Cairo Geniza as a Source for the History of Muslim Civilisation" by S. D. Goitein in Studia Islamica No. Most of its population comprises Jews. What do Arabs call the War of 1948? There is no Palestinian language. Ever since, Mr. the disaster. ‘'Israel: A History'’ (Brandeis University Press/University Press of New England; 2012) 502 pages; Sharon, Assaf, "The Long Paralysis of the Israeli Left" (review of Dan Ephron, Shatz, Adam, "We Are Conquerors" (review of, Stager, Lawrence, "Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:52. A Concise History of the Jewish People By Naomi E. Pasachoff, Robert J. Littman 1995 (2005 Roman and Littleford edition), page 67. 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