Abstract: Rhus coriaria L. is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceous or Cashew family, native to southern Europe. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhus_coriaria, Your email address will not be published. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It is found growing The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The fruits are small, roundish, reddish kernels containing small, black seeds. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. Almost evergreen shrub or small tree up to 3 m. Young twigs and petioles densely hispid. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Propagation is done by seed and vegetative cuttings and root shoots. 5.4 Rhus coriaria. Drupe shortly hispid, brownish-purple. The dried fruits are used as a spice , particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called Za'atar . #124945040 - Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria), small tree also known as tanners.. The buds are densely covered with light brown hairs. Rhus typhina, commonly called staghorn sumac, is the largest of the North American sumacs. Rhus coriaria commonly known as Sumac, also spelled sumach and sumaq, is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. The fruit of the sumac plant obtained from the Rhus plant is dried and ground. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The fruit is a villose, reddish, 1-seeded drupe. Siciliam sumac ( Rhus coriaria L.) is a deciduous shrub or low tree from the family Anacardiaceae. species from the Anacardiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands. coriaria and is motivated by the sour taste of the berries. Rhus coriaria is used in the spice mixture za'atar. Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile, Section of this page where you found an error, What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction, Please answer these simple questions:   It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer), hence … rhus coriaria. It has large pinnate leaves with 13 to 27 toothed leaflets. It is commonly used traditionally for gout, obesity, bleeding disorders, and diabetes. The crushed fruits can be immersed in water for 10-15 minutes, the liquid is strained, sweetened and drunk like lemonade. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. Use: Sumac's fruits are used dried, ground or whole. The leaves are imparipinnate with 9-15 leaflets. The root system is superficial and densely branched. The flowers are bisexual, whitish-green, clustered into clustered inflorescences up to 25 cm long. And sumac is the common name for shrubs belonging to the Rhus genus; they bear fruit in clusters of orange to russet, and their leaves turn vividly scarlet in fall. In Arab cuisine, it is used as a garnish on meze dishes such as hummus and tashi, it is also commonly added to falafel. In some countries (Spain, Italy, Iran, Afghanistan), Rhus coriaria is cultivated to produce tannins. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhus_coriaria. Almost evergreen shrub or small tree up to 3 m. Young twigs and petioles densely hispid. The root system is superficial and densely branched. typhina, stag­horn sumac, an ornamental common in Europe) originally referred to Rh. This bright and flavorful spice is often added to other spice blends, including za’atar. A similar idea stands behind Dutch zuurkruid sour condiment. Only applies for rare plants. Rhus coriaria is not very cold-hardy, tolerating short-lived temperatures down to around -5°c when it is fully dormant, and is unlikely to succeed outdoors in any but the mildest parts of the temperate zone [. They ripen in the fall and stay in the tree for a long time through the spring. Sepals ovate, greenish; petals oblong, white, longer than the sepals. It’s also a common ingredient in traditional Middle Eastern cuisine and is used in everything from meat dishes to salads. It can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. The fruits (drupes) of Rhus coriaria are ground into a reddish-purple powder used as a spice in Middle Eastern cuisine to add a tart, lemony taste to salads or meat. Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac, tanner's sumach, or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the cashew family Anacardiaceae. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Sumac has a slightly sour, refreshing aroma and tastes slightly resinous. It grows 1-3 meters high. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), AE(G) Ag Al Ar Bu Ca(C G H P T) Cg Cr Ct Cy Ga(F M) Gg Gr Hs(S) Ir It LS Lu Md(M) Mk Rf(CS) Si(M S) Sn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [aAz(C G J L M P T) nBr aGe nIt Mk Sa nSi(S)], Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2018). Sumac spice, however, is derived from the dried and ground berries of a specific type of sumac plant, Rhus coriaria. Antioxidizing Properties Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) and staghorn sumac (Rhus hirta L.) contain anti-oxidizing and free radical scavenging properties that are highly beneficial to human health. Info from published material (books, journals, website): Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands? Native to the eastern portion of North America, the Flame Leaf Sumac (Rhus copallinum) makes a grand color contribution to the autumn landscape. The leaves are notched and grow in slightly taggered pairs until the end, where one leaf will be perpendicular to the rest. A member of the Anacardiaceae family, Rhus coriaria L is also known by its commRhus coriaria is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as S. Europe. Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac, tanner's sumach, or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family, native to southern Europe. It is in flower from July to August. This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors. Three of seven primer pair combinations, produced 42 polymorphic bands. Your email address will not be published. Add to Likebox #104189686 - A young seedlings of an acetic tree on a lawn near a prickly.. It grows 1-3 meters high. D. Cardon relates a process from 1881 that included a sumac extraction, bloodroot and roasted ochres, to achieve a deep black on wool. Rhus coriaria is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as S. Europe. You may have eaten Mediterranean food with a sour, maroon-colored power sprinkled over the top. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sumac, especially to give a taste of sour or lemonade to the meat dishes of base is used extra. It tolerates poor soil, with large shoots of roots. Sumac definition is - any of a genus (Rhus) of trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the cashew family that have leaves turning to brilliant colors in the autumn, small usually dioecious flowers, and spikes or loose clusters of red or whitish berries. Rhus typhina is the largest of the North American sumacs, an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree), earning the common name staghorn sumac because of the reddish-brown hairs covering the branches as velvet covers the antlers of deer. Sumac is a small tannin-rich tree which was used by many of North America’s indigenous peoples to obtain a variety of browns and blacks. Synonyms Rhus hirta Family Anacardiaceae Genus Rhus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, pinnate or palmately-divided leaves often colouring brilliantly in autumn, and inconspicuous yellow flowers in spring or summer, followed by small, spherical red fruits in dense clusters Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 1-5 cm, 7-21, ovate to oblong, coarsely crenate-serrate, sometimes with 1-2 small lobes at base; rhachis hispid, winged, at least between the distal leaflets. 80 + 6 =. Add to Likebox #111026962 - staghorn sumac trees with bright red leaves in autumn. Required fields are marked *. the genetic relationship among thirty samples of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) trees collected from the Northern regions in Jordan. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. It is native to southern Europe and western Asia. The leaves are used to flavor tobacco. Albania, the Azores, Bulgaria, Crete, France (incl. ... grilled meat, poultry and fish. Siciliam sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is a deciduous shrub or low tree from the family Anacardiaceae. The fruits are harvested before they are fully ripe, dried and ground into powder, mixed with salt and other spices and used as a spice blend. Rhus coriaria is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). Kindly consider to support this website by, Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species. The buds are densely covered with light brown hairs. Similar Images . It is a bicameral plant, distinguishing between male and female plants. The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called za'atar. Similar Images . A member of the Anacardiaceae family, Rhus coriaria L is also known by its common name of Elm-Leaved Sumach. Andorra but excl. ( 3 ) ( 4 ) At least one study suggests that sumac tree resin inhibits angiogenesis – which is the growth of new blood vessels in tumors – better than other parts of the plant. Its deep green foliage transforms into a vibrant red-orange during the fall, securing its position as a favored ornamental landscaping choice. The bark is thin, gray-brown, initially densely glandular hairy at young shoots. It is widespread in southern Europe, southwest and central Asia. The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac species, Rhus coriaria. Rhus coriaria L. (Anacardiaceae) is a 1-3 m high shrub or small tree. The powerful antioxidant contents of sumac is as a result of the presence of flavonoids and polyphenols like anthocyanins in the plant. It is also widespread in Iran and Lebanon, Turkey and Syria. It blooms in June and July. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The leaves and shoots contain black, the root and fruits give red while the bark contain yellow color. It grows in shrubs, in sunny to semi-shady areas, in moderately acidic soils, up to 1300 m above sea level. Physical Characteristics Rhus verniciflua is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft). The dried fruits are used as a spice. Sumac can be a small tree or a shrub in shape, and likes to grow on dry slopes. Rhus coriaria . Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 1-5 cm, 7-21, ovate to oblong, coarsely crenate-serrate, sometimes with 1-2 small lobes at base; rhachis hispid, winged, at least between the distal leaflets. The leaves are complex, oddly feathered, 12-20 cm long, make them 11-15 leaves which are 2-4 cm long, with serrated margins, hairy in reverse. Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Rhus coriaria has also been found to suppress breast cancer growth in the lab through several actions (inhibition of STAT3, NFKB and nitric oxide pathways). In North America, the smooth sumac and the staghorn sumac are sometimes used to make a beverage termed "sumac-ade", "Indian lemonade", or "rhus juice". Origin: Sumac is native to the Mediterranean region, where the tree grows wild today. Sumac Tree - Rhus Coriaria is a Low Maintenance and Beautiful Addition to your Landscaping Fragrant Sumac - Rhus Aromatica The Fragrant Sumac, also known as the Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, or Polecat Sumac, derives its name from the citrus-like olfactory notes that it's leaves and stems produce when broken or crushed. The bark is thin, gray-brown, initially densely glandular hairy at young shoots. 11. Inflorescence c. 10 cm, the branches more or less concealed by the flowers. Rhus coriaria. The German name Essigbaum vinegar tree (mostly used for Rh. Rhus coriaria L., commonly known as sumac, is a plant from Anacardiaceae family and native to southern Europe. That is za’atar (zatar), an ancient seasoning blend made with the dried, ground berries of Sicilian or elm-leaved sumac (Rhus coriaria), plus certain varieties of thyme, oregano, savory, toasted sesame seeds, and/or other ingredients. Sumac grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in … Given the plants used frequently in food, sumac is used more rarely than others. It is also sometimes known as velvet sumac. It is known as Somagh in PM. The root of the Sumac is the rhus plant. The inflorescence is a compact and erect panicle, the flowers small and greenish white.

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